Solar Panels Installation Process
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May 21, 2022

Solar Panels Installation Process

Solar panels (also known as “PV panels”) are used to convert light from the sun, into electricity that can be used to power electrical loads. Solar panels collect clean renewable energy in the form of sunlight and convert that light into electricity which can then be used to provide power for electrical loads. 

Following are the steps involved in the installation process:

  1. Site assessment and design: The first step in installing solar panels is assessing the site and the design parameters of the solar project. Site assessment and design typically take between one to two weeks to complete. The contractor will perform an initial site inspection to gather information about the project and your needs. Then the contractor will design the solar panel system to fit your house. 

  2. Permitting Phase: The permitting phase takes between two and eight weeks. The contractor will submit the solar panel design plan to your local government agency for review and approval. The approval process varies depending on the region and the local municipality. The contractor handles the process, keeping you apprised of the progress. Once approved, your project will receive the permit required to proceed.

  3. Installation: After approval by your local government agency, the installation phase begins. The key steps are summarized below – 

Step-1: Mount Installation- The first step is to fix the mounts that will support the Solar Panels. It can be Roof-ground mounts or flush mounts depending on the requirement. This base structure provides support and sturdiness.  Care is taken in the direction in which the PV panels will be installed. For countries in the Northern Hemisphere, the best direction to face solar panels is south because it gets maximum sunlight. East and West directions will also do. For countries in the Southern Hemisphere, the best direction is North. Again, the mounting structure must be slightly tilted. The angle of the tilt could be between 18 to 36 Degree depending upon the latitude of the location in which the installation is being done.. 

Step-2: Install the Solar Panels- The next step is to fix the solar panels with the mounting structure. This is done by tightening nuts and bolts. Care is taken to secure the whole structure properly so that it is sturdy and lasts long.

Step-3: Do Electrical Wiring- The next step is to do the electrical wiring. Universal Connectors like MC4 is used during wiring because these connectors can be connected with all type of solar panels. These panels can be electrically connected with each other.

Step-4: Connect the System to Solar Inverter- The next step is to connect the system to a solar inverter. The positive wire from the solar panel is connected to the Positive terminal of the inverter and the Negative wire is connected to the Negative terminal of the inverter. The solar inverter is then connected to the Solar Battery and Grid input to produce electricity.

Step-5: Connect Solar Inverter and Solar Battery- The next step is to connect the solar inverter and the solar battery (if applicable). The positive terminal of the battery is connected with the positive terminal of the inverter and negative to negative. The battery is needed in an off-grid solar system to store electricity backup.

Step-6: Connect the Solar Inverter to the main LT panel of the building – The next step is to connect the inverter to the grid. To make this connection, a normal plug is used to connect to the main power switchboard. An output wire is connected with an electric board that supplies electricity to the home.

Step-7: Start Solar Inverter- Now that all the electrical wiring and connections are done, it is time to start the inverter switch ON the Main Switch of the Home. Most solar inverters will have digital displays to show you stats regarding the generation and usage of the solar unit.

And with this, you’re ready to go solar! For more details contact us at contact@oakridge.co.in 

Bhumika Choudhary
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